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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/1239

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contributor.advisorSolimini, Domenico-
contributor.advisorEmery, William J.-
contributor.authorPacifici, Fabio-
description22. cicloen
description.abstractL`attività umana sta cambiando radicalmente l`ecosistema ambientale, unito anche alla rapida espansione demografica dei sistemi urbani. Benche` queste aree rappresentano solo una minima frazione della Terra, il loro impatto sulla richiesta di energia, cibo, acqua e materiali primi, e` enorme. Per cui, una informazione accurata e tempestiva risulta essere essenziale per gli enti di protezione civile in caso, ad esempio, di catastrofi ambientali. Negli ultimi anni il forte sviluppo di sistemi satellitari, sia dal punto di vista della risoluzione spaziale che di quella radiometrica e temporale, ha permesso una sempre piu` accurato monitoraggio della Terra, sia con sistemi ottici che con quelli RADAR. Ad ogni modo, una piu` alta risoluzione (sia spaziale, che spettrale o temporale) presenta tanti vantaggi e miglioramenti quanti svantaggi e limitazioni. In questa tesi sono discussi in dettaglio i diversi aspetti e tecniche per la classificazione e monitoraggio dei cambiamenti di aree urbane, utilizzando sia sistemi ottici che RADAR. Particolare enfasi e` data alla teoria ed all`uso di reti neurali.en
description.abstractHuman activity dominates the Earth's ecosystems with structural modifications. The rapid population growth over recent decades and the concentration of this population in and around urban areas have significantly impacted the environment. Although urban areas represent a small fraction of the land surface, they affect large areas due to the magnitude of the associated energy, food, water, and raw material demands. Reliable information in populated areas is essential for urban planning and strategic decision making, such as civil protection departments in cases of emergency. Remote sensing is increasingly being used as a timely and cost-effective source of information in a wide number of applications, from environment monitoring to location-aware systems. However, mapping human settlements represents one of the most challenging areas for the remote sensing community due to its high spatial and spectral diversity. From the physical composition point of view, several different materials can be used for the same man-made element (for example, building roofs can be made of clay tiles, metal, asphalt, concrete, plastic, grass or stones). On the other hand, the same material can be used for different purposes (for example, concrete can be found in paved roads or building roofs). Moreover, urban areas are often made up of materials present in the surrounding region, making them indistinguishable from the natural or agricultural areas (examples can be unpaved roads and bare soil, clay tiles and bare soil, or parks and vegetated open spaces) [1]. During the last two decades, significant progress has been made in developing and launching satellites with instruments, in both the optical/infrared and microwave regions of the spectra, well suited for Earth observation with an increasingly finer spatial, spectral and temporal resolution. Fine spatial sensors with metric or sub-metric resolution allow the detection of small-scale objects, such as elements of residential housing, commercial buildings, transportation systems and utilities. Multi-spectral and hyper-spectral remote sensing systems provide additional discriminative features for classes that are spectrally similar, due to their higher spectral resolution. The temporal component, integrated with the spectral and spatial dimensions, provides essential information, for example on vegetation dynamics. Moreover, the delineation of temporal homogeneous patches reduces the effect of local spatial heterogeneity that often masks larger spatial patterns. Nevertheless, higher resolution (spatial, spectral or temporal) imagery comes with limits and challenges that equal the advantages and improvements, and this is valid for both optical and synthetic aperture radar data [2]. This thesis addresses the different aspects of mapping and change detection of human settlements, discussing the main issues related to the use of optical and synthetic aperture radar data. Novel approaches and techniques are proposed and critically discussed to cope with the challenges of urban areas, including data fusion, image information mining, and active learning. The chapters are subdivided into three main parts. Part I addresses the theoretical aspects of neural networks, including their different architectures, design, and training. The proposed neural networks-based algorithms, their applications to classification and change detection problems, and the experimental results are described in Part II and Part III.en
format.extent15270214 bytes-
subjectneural networksen
subjectvery high resolution satellite imageryen
subjecturban classificationen
subjecturban change detectionen
subjectdata fusionen
subjectactive learningen
subjectdata miningen
subject.classificationICAR/06 Topografia e cartografiaen
titleNovel neural network-based algorithms for urban classification and change detection from satellite imageryen
typeDoctoral thesisen
degree.disciplineFacoltà di ingegneriaen
degree.grantorUniversità degli studi di Roma Tor Vergataen
date.dateofdefenseA.A. 2009/2010en
Appears in Collections:Tesi di dottorato in ingegneria

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